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Wen Moe Became a Bookkeeper
The Components of Great Leadership
By Yosef Y. Jacobson

A woman called a local hospital. "Hello," she said. "I'd like to talk with the person who gives the information regarding your patients. I'd like to find out if the patient is getting better, doing as expected or getting worse."

The voice on the other end of the line said, "What is the patient's name and room number?"

"Sarah Finkel in Room 302," the woman answered.

"I will connect you with the nursing station."

"3-A Nursing Station. How can I help You?"

"I would like to know the condition of Sarah Finkel in Room 302."

"Just a moment. Let me look at her records. Oh, yes. Mrs. Finkel is doing very well. In fact, she's had two full meals, her blood pressure is fine, her blood work just came back as normal, she's going to be taken off the heart monitor in a couple of hours and, if she continues this improvement, Dr. Cohen is going to send her home Tuesday at noon."

"Thank God!" the woman said. "That's wonderful! Oh! That's fantastic, that's wonderful news!"

The nurse said, "From your enthusiasm, I take it you must be a family member or a very close friend!"

"Not exactly," the woman said. "I'm Sarah Finkel in 302! Nobody here tells me anything."

The Long Journey

The drama was almost complete. The people exiled in a foreign country for more than two centuries, and for much of that time in unbearable conditions, had a miraculous liberation through direct and manifested intervention by the Creator, a phenomenon that would not repeat itself again in history. The people at Mt. Sinai experienced G-d firsthand. There, He fashioned with them a mutual covenant to become partners in tikkun olam: repairing a world estranged from its essence. Never again in history, would G-d completely part the veils that conceal Him, communicating His presence to an entire nation.

Forty days later, in a moment of collective insanity, the people denied G-d. They substituted the moral sovereign of the universe with a golden calf. G-d now viewed His attempt to mold a people into a "kingdom of princes and a sacred nation" as a colossal failure. He saw no value anymore in the Jewish experience. Moses stood up to G-d, eliciting from G-d a deeper chord in His relationship to Israel. G-d re-embraced the people and instructed them to build a home in their midst for His elusive presence. In this sanctuary, the all-pervading truth of G-d would be more manifested and accessible. The Jewish people en mass presented to Moses large amounts of gold, silver, copper and many other materials required for the construction of an exquisite tabernacle. Moses appointed brilliant architects, sculptures and designers to build the home, design the vessels, carve out the furniture and craft the items that would make up the new divine home.

At the opening of the Torah portion of Pekudei (1), the work is complete. Soon, the sanctuary would be erected and the divine presence would reside therein. This is a charged moment, a dramatic peak in a long and turbulent journey of a people. After all of the ups and downs, G-d is about to "move in" with the Jewish people.

The hero of the story is, no doubt, Moses. With courageous selflessness, he triumphed, over G-d, as it were. He is the man responsible for bringing the people -- and G-d -- to this extraordinary moment, when humanity would reintroduce G-d to a world that banished Him.

Time for Bookkeeping

But wait. Right at this moment, the Torah interrupts the narrative, shifting the story from creating a space for G-d in this world, to the realm of bookkeeping. Moses, at this point, presents a detailed account of all the wealth contributed to him for the construction of the Tabernacle. He reports to the people how many pounds of gold, silver and copper he received, and how exactly they were used in the structure. He gives an account for every last piece of jewelry and metal that came into his hands.

This is a simple but very telling scene. Moses, let us recall, has no "board of directors" to answer to, or the IRS to reckon with. Moses is not a synagogue rabbi controlled by a board demanding an accounting for every dollar he spends. Moses is spiritual giant of history, whom Maimonides defined as the greatest human being to ever walk the earth (2). "G-d would speak to Moses face to face, as a man would speak with his friend," the Bible says (3). "Not so my servant Moses," G-d thunders on Aaron and Miriam after their gossiping about Moses. "In My entire house he is the trusted one. Mouth to mouth do I speak to him, in a clear vision and not in riddles, he gazes at the image of G-d. Why do you not fear to speak against My servant, Moses (4)?"

Does a man who speaks to G-d face to face on a daily basis really need to prove that he is not pocketing money?

Moses' Record

Moses' reputation was beyond reproach. Nobody dared suspect him of abusing charity funds, of using the money designated for the Tabernacle for a cruise in the Caribbean, for a new BMW or for his retirement plan.  The Jews, observing Moses' unparalleled devotion and love to them in the most trying of circumstances, knew full well that Moses was no charlatan. If G-d trusts him, they could trust him too. Even if some Jewish rabble-rousers, as the Midrash indeed relates (5), murmured about Moses' stealing some of the money, we would expect Moses to ignore them.

"Who do they think they are to question my integrity," we would expect Moses to think to himself. "I gave my life for these rebels, when G-d wanted to destroy them. After all, it was G-d Himself who appointed me to my present position, against my will (6). How dare they challenge my honesty?"

These feelings would be understandable. Yet, astonishingly, without even being asked or instructed to do so, Moses, in total humility, stands up and gives an accounting for every last penny that came into his hands.

Why? Not because he feels compelled to prove that he is not a thief, but because he truly believes in the dignity of the people and in their right to know what has transpired with their contributions. Moses does not allow his spiritual greatness and extraordinary authority to implant in his psyche a sense of superiority over the masses, in which it is beyond his ego to give them a detailed account of his spending (7). On the contrary, he views his G-d given power as a means to confer dignity and greatness upon all of the people.

Can You Really Respect Another Person?

Moses set an example for all the generations to come. The great Jewish leaders always understood that what qualified them as leaders, teachers and what bestowed upon them the rights to power was not their charisma, brilliance, skills, or even the fact that the Almighty Himself appointed them to their position. It was, rather, the fact that deep down in their hearts, they really viewed their "subjects" as equals. They possessed a sincere belief that dignity was the property of all.

Insecure leaders must resort to fear and tyranny in order to ensure loyalty and secure their position. They must speak in the name of authority rather than in the name of integrity. They must remain aloof and superior and never allow the simple folk too much access to the truth. Vulnerability is too dangerous. At best, they create followers. Genuine leaders, on the other hand, gain the trust, appreciation, and affection of their people, because of their trust in the people and their unyielding faith in the majesty of every individual human being molded in the image of the Divine. They create leaders.

This is true about all of our relationships in life. If you wish to inspire genuine loyalty, in a marriage, in the work place, in friendships, etc., you must learn to genuinely accept the other person as an equal, conferring upon him or her the dignity you hold dear for yourself (8).


1) Exodus 38:21.
2) Rambam, commentary on Mishnah, introduction to Sanhedrin chapter 11.
3) Exodus 33:11
4) Numbers 12 7:8.
5) Shmos Rabah 51:6.
6) Exodus chapter 3.
7) One of the great Halachik authorities, Rabbi Joel Sirkish, known as the "Bach," derives from this story a law (Yoreh Daah section 257). Even the most beloved and believable collectors of charity are obliged to give a detailed account to the community of the destination of every cent they collected for charity. Nobody, writes the Bach, could be trusted more than Moses, the man whom G-d Himself trusted. Yet even he felt compelled to give an accounting of all the contributions. Cf. an interesting story related by his son-in-law, Rabbi David Segal, known as the "Taz," in his "derashos" for Parshas Pekudei.
8) This essay is based on a talk delivered by the Lubavitcher Rebbe, Shabbas Pekudei 5744
, March 3, 1984.
My thanks to Shmuel Levin, a writer and editor in Pittsburgh, for his editorial assistance.


Posted on March 7, 2005
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